Activity No. (5 / 2016 / Protection)

  1. From 17.2.015 to 18.2.2015 an inspection of Insein Central Prison was conducted in order to monitor the problem of overcrowded living quarters in the prison. A recommendation was made to construct additional dormitories for male and female prisoners. On 7.8.2015, a reply was received from the Ministry of Home Affairs that a request for budget allotment to construct additional dormitories had been submitted. As the requested budget has not yet been fully allotted by the Government, the construction of additional dormitories will be given priority when the budget actually allotted.
  2. On 3.4.2015, an inspection of Buthidaung prison was conducted. As the dormitories are overcrowded beyond capacity a recommendation was made to construct additional dormitories. On 7.8.2015, a reply was received from the Ministry of Home Affairs that during June and July 2015, 213 special prisoners had been released and that the existing dormitories are sufficient. The prison can accommodate 1072 prisoners. The actual number of prisoners as at 18.7.2015 was 1117. Only 45 prisoners were in excess. The reply mentioned that in future, arrangements will be made to construct a two storey dormitory on receipt of budget allotment.
  3. On 7.5.2015, an inspection of Mongsat prison was conducted. As prisoners and detainees had to be accommodated beyond capacity, a recommendation was made to construct additional dormitories. On 7.8.2015, a reply was received from the Ministry of Home Affairs that although the existing dormitories are a bit overcrowded, they are sufficient. Although 237 prisoners could be accepted, the actual number of prisoners as at 18.7.2015 was 270, only 33 prisoners were accepted in excess of capacity. In future, arrangements will be made to construct a two storey dormitory on receipt of budget allotment.
  4. On 7.6.2015, an investigation of Mandalay prison was conducted. As the number of prisoners exceeded the capacity of the dormitories recommendations were made to construct additional dormitories, to grant bail to detainees entitled to bail, to grant amnesty or parole to prisoners whose date of release are near. On 16.3.2016, a reply was received from the Ministry of Home Affairs that a request for budget allotment to construct a 600 capacity double storey dormitory in the compound of No.3, Men’s dormitory had been submitted. The reply also mentioned that only the Courts have authority to grant bail to detainees entitled to bail and only the Union President has the authority to grant amnesty or parole to prisoners whose date of release are near.
  5. On 11.6.2015, an inspection of Lashio prison was conducted. The numbers of prisoners were in excess of the capacity of the dormitories accommodating them. Recommendations were made to construct additional dormitories, to grant bail to detainees who are entitled to bail, to grant amnesty or parole to prisoners whose date of release are near. On 16.3.2015, a reply was received from the Ministry of Home Affairs that the Directorate of Prisons and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) are jointly engaged in the construction of additional floors at dormitories number (1,3,4), for prisoners, prisoners are also transferred monthly and only the Courts are authorized to grant bail.
  6. In addition, as there are only a total of (3) prisons in Lashio, Hsipaw and Laukkai in Northern Shan State, a recommendation was made to consider constructing additional prisons. A reply was received from the Ministry of Home Affairs that according to the proposal for a new organization set up of prisons and work camps in the States and Regions proposed by the Ministry of Home Affairs and Directorate of Prisons, (3) new prisons for Kyaukme, Muse and Momeik in Northern Shan State have been allocated.
  7. On 7.10. 2015, an inspection of Kawthong prison was conducted. As there are only (3) Central Prions in the whole country allocated to accept juvenile prisoners age 16 to 18 years. As the number of juvenile offenders has increased, a recommendation was made to construct separate dormitories to hold juvenile prisoners in the State and Regional prisons and to establish vocational training centers. On 28.5.2016, a reply was received from the Ministry of Home Affairs that under paragraph (415) of the prison manual, juvenile prisoners are being held only in (3) Central Prisons. At present, the Prisons Department is unable to accept and accommodate juvenile prisoners in the State and Regional prisons.